Request and Potential for Social Housing Projects in Germany,by the example of the Federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia
||Kotulla, Theresa Katharina Maria
||Request and Potential for Social Housing Projects in Germany,by the example of the Federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia
||24th Annual European Real Estate Society Conference in Delft, Netherlands
||The demand for residential housing in Europe has increased in recent years. In Germany, affordablehousing space in growing regions is becoming scarce. This results in many household types hardly beingable to provide themselves with adequate living space. Although there is a high demand for housing withrental control, the relevant housing stock has declined in recent years. Considering the rising demand andthe simultaneously declining stock of subsidized housing, the underlying conditions for the profitability ofhousing projects with rental control must be optimized. In 2006, there was a redistribution of responsibilitiesbetween the federation and the states in Germany. As a result, the responsibility for subsidized housingwas transferred from the federation to the single states. This has the advantage that the laws cancorrespond to regional needs, but the different underlying conditions are hardly comparable.With regard to the population and the economy, there is an increased interest in research and there arenumerous publications concerning publicly subsidized residential housing. Although, currently there is nocertainty regarding the influence of the nation-wide framework conditions on the typology of subsidizedhousing projects. Therefore, there is a need for a critical investigation of the aforementioned uncertainty.This paper is part of a PhD at the Chair for Real Estate Development at the RWTH Aachen University,within which the regional and local differences between the laws and regulations are examined. The overallobjective is to analyze to what extent the realized types of dwellings vary in selected federal states.Furthermore, it will be proven if this variation can be justified by differences in the funding guidelines. Withinthis paper the named issues and results are exemplary described for the federal stateNorth-Rhine-Westphalia. The aim is to investigate the conditions of subsidized housing and to determinewhether they influence the realized housing typologies.The state-specific conditions as well as the various regional regulations of the state North Rhine-Westphaliawere analyzed. Additionally, this examination was supplemented by a real estate analysis of recently builtresidential housing projects in the German region. Various project partners support the examination. Thehousing types of the individual case studies were empirically examined. Empirical data of subsidizedresidential units was therefore determined and the influence of the various conditions for publicly subsidedresidential construction on the typology of the accommodations was investigated.Based on this investigation, it seems that there is a strong influence of the laws and offers for social housingprojects on the realized apartments in North-Rhine-Westphalia
||Social housing; Subsidized housing; Housing policy; Accommodation typologies; Real Estate Development
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