Measuring Accessibility to Urban Services Using Fuzzy Logic Within Transportation GIS
||Theriault, Marius; DesRosiers Francois; Villeneuve Paul
||Measuring Accessibility to Urban Services Using Fuzzy Logic Within Transportation GIS
||10th European Real Estate Society Conference (10-13 June 2003) Helsinki, Finland
||This paper is an attempt to bridge the gap between, on the one hand, the mobility behaviour of households and their perception of accessibility to urban amenities and, on the other hand, house price dynamics as captured through the hedonic modelling of the Quebec City residential market. Part One focuses on designing a methodology to analyze mobility behaviour of people and to relate their sensitivity to travel time with service places location within the city so as to assess their perceived accessibility. A series of žsubjectiveÓ measures of accessibility based on actual trips made by individuals and households is built for Quebec City on the grounds of the 2001 origin-destination (O-D) survey. Part Two proposes an empirical test of the impact of accessibility on house prices. Applying hedonic modelling to some 952 single-family houses sold in Quebec City (Pop. 489 820 in 2001) between 1993 and 1996, two accessibility measures are compared (Section 4), the former being based on simulated travel times aggregated through factor analysis while the latter rests on perceived accessibility indices obtained via fuzzy logic on actual travel times. Findings firstly indicate that, while overall accessibility to jobs and services is quite homogeneous throughout the City thanks to a highly efficient highway network, there are nevertheless statistically significant differences in the way accessibility is structured depending on trip purposes and household profiles, thereby supporting the hypothesis that various types of persons experience different constraints and are not equally willing to travel in order to reach various kinds of activities. Findings also suggest that an objective measure of accessibility combining travel time indicators for the nearest service with factor analysis yields optimal results from a merely statistical point of view. Yet, resorting to subjective, and more comprehensive, accessibility indices derived from fuzzy logic, and accounting for number of opportunities, allows to investigate commuting patterns and travel behaviour with greater insight and to design trip purpose and household status-specific indicators of accessibility to urban amenities. This research leads to the conclusion that different people have a heterogeneous perception of space and thus, will adjust their willingness to pay for additional centrality/accessibility when choosing their home location depending on their needs and preferences.
||Hedonic Modelling; Housing values; Accessibility; Urban Externalities; Factor Analysis; Fuzzy logic
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||Session 7, Urban Economics
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